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High Blood Pressure

Stage 2 Hypertension

Blood pressure monitoring and treatment techniques for hypertension

High blood pressure is categorized into several different levels and Stage 2 hypertension is one of the most severe. Blood pressure is measured in millimeters of mercury (mmHg), with each category covering a certain pressure range. These measurements given by home blood pressure monitors and doctors are divided between a systolic value, when the heart contracts, and a diastolic value, when the heart relaxes.

As hypertension rarely has any symptoms or signs, a blood pressure reading is usually the only way to know if one has Stage 2 hypertension.

Stage 2 Hypertension
Stage 2 Hypertension

Normal blood pressure has a systolic value of 120 mmHg and diastolic value of 80 mmHg. Pre-hypertension and Stage 1 hypertension show increasingly higher values, while Stage 2 hypertension has a systolic value of 160 mmHg and diastolic value of 100 mmHg, much higher than the usual range. It is very important that you talk to your doctor if your own blood pressure measurements are in these higher ranges.

While lifestyle changes may help in the pre-hypertension stage, stage 2 hypertension usually requires medical attention, usually consisting of at least two types of medication. In stage 2 hypertension, usually one medication is not enough.

Common medications that help reduce blood pressure include beta-blockers, which reduce nerve signals to the heart and vessels, calcium channel blockers, which prevent calcium from going to the heart, and ACE inhibitors, which block production of the hormone that narrows blood vessels. In stage 2 hypertension, the use of two or more drugs consistently shows better results than the use of a diuretic alone.

Doctors are also finding more and more application with the newer generation of blood pressure medications known as ARBs, Angiotensin Receptor Blockers.


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